How to increase turbo pressure?



What is a turbo?

It is the part used in turbo vehicles to increase performance other than the engine. Thanks to the energy contained in the turbo exhaust gases, it provides the vehicle with an increase in horsepower and torque. The turbo system enables the turbine wheel and compressor to be connected to each other via a shaft. In this way, the exhaust gases first come to the turbine wheel, then the shaft starts to rotate with the rotation of the wheel, then the shaft turns the compressor fan and directs the air to the engine cylinders. This creates more powerful explosions as more oxygen enters the engine cylinders.


How Does Turbo Pressure Increase?

There are 4 parts to increase or control the turbo pressure. These parts are:



It cools the hot air emitted from the turbo and makes it even more condensed. This air normally reaches 160-170 degrees and its density is quite low. The intercooler, on the other hand, cools this air inside and sends it to the cylinders, and the turbo pressure is increased thanks to the condensed air.

Solenoid Valve

The solenoid valve is actually an electromagnet. This magnet controls the passage of air, water, gas, steam and oil. This valve, which works with electrical energy, provides the passage of these substances thanks to the piston in it. When the electricity comes, the magnet works and sends the materials in the entrance to the output channel. When the electricity is cut off, it does not act as a magnet and prevents the passage of materials. If this valve fails, the turbo pressure drops, and the solenoid valve needs to be changed to fix it.

Wastegate Valve

The wastegate valve is a valve connected to the ECU that controls the turbo pressure in turbocharged vehicles. It moves with the solenoid valve. With the information coming from the solenoid valve, it directs the exhaust gas to the exhaust section of the turbo thanks to the fan. In special turbo systems, the exhaust gases are close to the main line and cause performance losses. In order to prevent the turbo pressure from falling, this valve needs to be serviced at a certain frequency.

Exhaust Recycle Valve

The exhaust recycle valve allows the exhaust gas to be sent back to the combustion chamber of the engine for combustion. The aim here is to burn the remaining oxygen in the exhaust gas once again. exhaust recycle valve malfunction or blockage causes the turbo pressure to drop in the vehicle, and your vehicle also loses traction. To prevent this, exhaust recycle cancellation is a frequently used method.